LAN (Local Area Network) and telephone cables are types of cables used to transmit data and voice signals respectively. In this guide, we will cover the different types of LAN and telephone cables, their features, and their applications.

LAN Cables:

  1. Category 5e (Cat5e) Cable: This is a twisted pair cable used for Ethernet networks. It can transmit data up to 1 Gbps over a distance of 100 meters.
  2. Category 6 (Cat6) Cable: This is an improved version of Cat5e and supports data transmission up to 10 Gbps over a distance of 55 meters.
  3. Category 6a (Cat6a) Cable: This is an even more advanced version of Cat6 and can transmit data up to 10 Gbps over a distance of 100 meters.
  4. Fiber Optic Cable: This cable uses light to transmit data and is immune to electromagnetic interference. It can transmit data over long distances and is commonly used in data centers and other high-speed networks.

Telephone Cables:

  1. Twisted Pair Cable: This is the most common type of telephone cable and is made up of two insulated copper wires twisted together. It can transmit voice signals up to a distance of 5 kilometers.
  2. Coaxial Cable: This cable has a central conductor surrounded by insulation and a braided shield. It is commonly used for cable TV and internet connections.
  3. Fiber Optic Cable: This cable can also be used for transmitting voice signals over long distances. It is immune to electromagnetic interference and is commonly used in long-distance phone networks.

When selecting LAN or telephone cables, it is important to consider factors such as the required bandwidth, distance, and electromagnetic interference. In addition, it is important to use cables that are certified by industry standards organizations such as the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).